What is Kyphoplasty?
Kyphoplasty is a specialized type of pain management used to treat painful compression fractures in the spine. These fractures may have been caused by accidents, osteoporosis, or as the result of diseases such as cancer. Kyphoplasty is often recommended for patients who experience severe or disabling pain that has not responded to bed rest, physical therapy, or pain medications for over two months. Kyphoplasty can also be used to restore vertebral body height lost due to osteoporosis or compression fracture.
About the Procedure
The procedure is performed in a hospital or outpatient setting by an interventional radiologist, either under moderate sedation or under a general anesthetic (deep sedation). The patient lies face down on a table while the doctor inserts a needle directly into the bone of each compressed vertebra, using X-ray fluoroscopy to place it precisely. When the needle is positioned properly, a tiny balloon is passed through the needle into the bone, and then inflated to restore the original height of the collapsed or compressed vertebra. Finally, cement is injected through the needle into the enlarged space to make sure it does not collapse again.